Maslow and Educational Heirachy


This five stage model can be divided into basic (or deficiency) needs (e.g. physiological, safety, love, and esteem) and growth needs (self-actualization).

  1. Biological and Physiological needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep.
  2. Safety needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, freedom from fear.
  3. Love and belongingness needs – friendship, intimacy, affection and love, – from work group, family, friends, and romantic relationships.
  4. Esteem needs – achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, self-respect, and respect from others.
  5. Self-Actualization needs – realizing personal potential, self-fulfilment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.

This is usually portrayed as a triangle with 1 at the base since the concept is that until you’ve got the foundations in place for the most basic needs you can’t build on and develop the others.

Therefore I took this and identified an educational hierarchy of needs to help trainers and trainees develop things appropriately through GPST.

(See graph below and I note that my trainer’s group kept a copy of this and the transition curve handy when we were discussing trainees who weren’t progressing as expected.)

NOTE I believe a lot of the challenges for established GP at the moment is that the growth need of self-actualization is being constantly undermined my challenges from government etc. to the lower level areas.

(For those interested there is detailed hand-out from Ramesh Mehay on Maslow and self-actualization separately)


Iain Lamb 2016