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The SPICES Model of Educational Strategies in Curriculum Development
Ronald Harden and colleagues identified six themes to consider when planning, or developing, a curriculum. They saw each of these themes as a continuum, with more recent developments located to the left, and more traditional strategies to the right. They suggest that by considering where a curriculum should fit on each of the six continua, a curriculum can be reviewed (or planned from scratch) more effectively.
The SPICES Model
S Student-centred ———————— Teacher-centred
P Problem-based ————————- Information-gathering
I Integrated —————————- Discipline-based
C Community-based ——————– Hospital-based
E Electives —————————– Standard Programme
S Systematic ————————– Apprenticeship-based
The model was originally developed to apply to an undergraduate medical curriculum, but can be adapted to a variety of settings.
RM Harden, Susette Sowden, and DR Dunn (1984)
ASME Medical Education Booklet No. 18